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The Kresge Family and the Civil War

The Kresge family has been sending its sons to war since Conrad Kresge, the Pioneer, served three militia enlistments during the American Revolution. The purpose of this page is to highlight the Civil War service of certain Kresge family members. There are two regiments that should be mentioned in particular because they had the most family members serving together; Company F of the 176th PA Regiment with at least 7 members of the family in its ranks, and Company G of the 67th PA with at least six. Research shows that, while most of the family survived their enlistments without serious injury, some did not. Below is a list of family members who were either imprisoned, wounded or killed during the war.

 

Aaron Kresge Cemetery marker says "In a Rebel Prison 620 Days"
Conrad Kresge Died at Petersburg, VA on September 16, 1865
Daniel Kresge Wounded on June 3, 1864 at Cold Harbor
Emanuel S. Kresge Died at Philadelphia November 7th, 1864
Franklin Kresge Discharged for wounds received, with loss of leg on 13 Apr 1865
Joseph Kresge Died on May 30, of wounds received at Wilderness, Va. on May 6, 1864
Levi Kresge Captured at Cold Harbor, Va. on June 2, 1864
Paulin Kresge Died on June 1, 1864, of wounds received at Dallas, Ga. (Kennesaw Mountain)
Richard Kresge Died at Annapolis, MD on June 10, 1863
Stewart Kresge Discharged on October 25, 1864 for wounds received at Gettysburg, PA on July 1, 1863

 

Information found on this page comes from a variety of sources, including National Park Service, U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865, History of Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1865, by Samuel P. Bates, and The Pennsylvania Civil War Project (http://cairo.pop.psu.edu/cw/info.cfm).

Above: Civil War era ear photograph of James M. Kresge who served in the 81st PA Infantry.

 

Name Regiment Company Rank In Rank Out Was Wounded Survived the War Other Information/Comments
Aaron Kresge 67th PA Infantry G Second Lieutenant First Lieutenant POW Yes Commissioned an officer in Company G, Pennsylvania 67th Infantry Regiment on 21 Feb 1862. Promoted to Full 1st Lieutenant on 05 Aug 1862. Mustered out on 12 Mar 1865, Cemetery marker says "In a Rebel Prison 620 Days"
Amandes K. Kresge 2nd PA, Heavy Artillery L Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company L, Pennsylvania 2nd Heavy Artillery Regiment on 02 Mar 1864. Mustered out on 29 Jan 1866 at City Point, VA
Amos Kresge 67th PA Infantry G Private Corporal   Yes Enlisted in Company G, Pennsylvania 67th Infantry Regiment on 14 Feb 1862. Mustered out on 14 Jul 1865 at Washington, DC
Andrew Kresge 28th PA Infantry & 147th PA Infantry C Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company C, Pennsylvania 147th Infantry Regiment on 26 Aug 1861. Mustered out on 15 Jul 1865 at Washington, DC.
Barnet Kresge 3rd Regt., PA Heavy Artillery U Private Private     Enlisted in Company U, Pennsylvania 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment on 02 Sep 1864
Christian Kresge 176th PA Infantry F Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company F, Pennsylvania 176th Infantry Regiment on 03 Nov 1862. Mustered out on 17 Aug 1863 at Philadelphia, PA
Conrad Kresge 2nd PA, Heavy Artillery L Private Private   No Enlisted in Company L, Pennsylvania 2nd Heavy Artillery Regiment on 02 Mar 1864. Died at Petersburg, VA on September 16, 1865 - buried in Poplar Grove National Cemetery, division D, section A, grave, 27
Daniel Kresge 81st PA Infantry I Private Private Yes Yes Enlisted in Company I, Pennsylvania 81st Infantry Regiment on 02 Mar 1864. Wounded on June 3, 1864 at Cold Harbor. Mustered out on 29 Jun 1865 at Washington, DC
Edward Kresge 176th PA Infantry F Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company F, Pennsylvania 176th Infantry Regiment on 03 Nov 1862. Mustered out on 17 Aug 1863 at Philadelphia, PA
Elias Kresge 81st PA Infantry I Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company I, Pennsylvania 81st Infantry Regiment on 20 Sep 1862. Mustered out on 01 Jun 1865
Emanuel Kresge 67th PA Infantry G Private Private      
Emanuel S. Kresge 51st PA Infantry B Private Private   No Enlisted in Company B, Pennsylvania 51st Infantry Regiment on 29 Mar 1864. Died at Philadelphia November 7th, 1864
Franklin Kresge 81st PA Infantry I Private Private Yes Yes Enlisted in Company I, Pennsylvania 81st Infantry Regiment on 15 Oct 1861. Discharged for wounds received, with loss of leg on 13 Apr 1865.
Freeman Kresge 214th PA Infantry H Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company H, Pennsylvania 214th Infantry Regiment on 21 Mar 1865. Mustered out on 21 Mar 1866 at Washington, DC
George Kresge 6th PA Cavalry B Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company A, Pennsylvania 6th Cavalry Regiment on 06 Mar 1865. Mustered out on 17 Jun 1865 at Washington, DC. Transferred to Company A, Pennsylvania 2nd Cavalry Regiment on 17 Jun 1865. Mustered out on 07 Aug 1865 at Louisville, KY
Israel Kresge 118th PA Infantry E Private Private      
Jacob Kresge 176th PA Infantry F Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company F, Pennsylvania 176th Infantry Regiment on 03 Nov 1862. Mustered out on 17 Aug 1863 at Philadelphia, PA
Jacob Kresge 18th PA Cavalry U Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company U, Pennsylvania 18th Cavalry Regiment on 28 Sep 1863. Mustered out on 13 Jun 1865
James Kresge 67th PA Infantry G Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company G, Pennsylvania 67th Infantry Regiment on 12 Jan 1862. Mustered out on 01 Oct 1864. Transferred to Vet. Res. Corps
James Kresge 81st PA Infantry K Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company K, Pennsylvania 81st Infantry Regiment on 11 Dec 1861. Mustered out on 03 Jun 1865.
Joseph Kresge 142nd PA Infantry G Private Private Yes No Enlisted in Company G, Pennsylvania 142nd Infantry Regiment on 31 Aug 1862. Died on May 30, of wounds received at Wilderness, Va. on May 6, 1864 - buried in Arlington National Cemetery
Joseph D. Kresge 176th PA Infantry F Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company F, Pennsylvania 176th Infantry Regiment on 03 Nov 1862. Mustered out on 17 Aug 1863 at Philadelphia, PA
  2nd PA, Heavy Artillery L Private Private      
Joseph H. Kresge 11th PA Infantry F&S Private Private      
Josiah F. Kresge 187th PA Infantry E Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company E, Pennsylvania 187th Infantry Regiment on 10 Mar 1865. Mustered out on 06 May 1865
Levi Kresge 67th PA Infantry G Private Private POW   Captured at Cold Harbor, Va. on June 2, 1864. Mustered out, Feb. 15, 1865
Leonard (Linford?) Kresge 176th PA Infantry F Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company F, Pennsylvania 176th Infantry Regiment on 03 Nov 1862. Mustered out on 17 Aug 1863 at Philadelphia, PA
Michael Kresge 8 U.S. Vet. Vol. Infantry C Private Private   Yes
Michael S. Kresge 67th PA Infantry G Private Private     Mustered out, Jan. 3, 1865
Nelson Kresge 52nd PA Infantry B Private Private      
Paul Kresge 176th PA Infantry F Private Corporal   Yes Enlisted in Company F, Pennsylvania 176th Infantry Regiment on 03 Nov 1862. Promoted to Full Corporal on 16 Nov 1862. Mustered out on 17 Aug 1863 at Philadelphia, PA
  6th PA Cavalry B&A Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company A, Pennsylvania 6th Cavalry Regiment on 07 Mar 1865. Mustered out on 17 Jun 1865 at Washington, DC. Transferred to Company A, Pennsylvania 2nd Cavalry Regiment on 17 Jun 1865. Mustered out on 07 Aug 1865 at Louisville, KY
Pauline Kresge 147th PA Infantry Infantry C Private Private Yes No Enlisted in Company C, Pennsylvania 147th Infantry Regiment on 26 Aug 1861. Died on June 1, 1864, of wounds received at Dallas, Ga. (Kennesaw Mountain), buried in Marietta and Atlanta National Cemetery, Marietta, Ga., section A, grave 900
Perry Kresge 6th PA Cavalry A Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company A, Pennsylvania 6th Cavalry Regiment on 07 Mar 1865. Mustered out on 17 Jun 1865 at Washington, DC. Transferred to Company A, Pennsylvania 2nd Cavalry Regiment on 17 Jun 1865. Mustered out on 07 Aug 1865 at Louisville, KY
Peter H. Kresge 176th PA Infantry F Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company F, Pennsylvania 176th Infantry Regiment on 03 Nov 1862. Mustered out on 17 Aug 1863 at Philadelphia, PA
Peter W. Kresge 11th Regt., PA Cavalry K Second Lieutenant Second Lieutenant      
Philip Kresge 109th NY Infantry G Private Sergeant Yes Yes Enlisted on 18 Aug 1862. Promoted to Full Corporal. Promoted to Full Sergeant. Mustered out on 05 Feb 1865
Reuben Kresge 51st PA Infantry B Private Private     Drafted to Company B, Pennsylvania 51st Infantry Regiment on 16 Sep 1861
Richard Kresge 67th PA Infantry D Private Private   No Enlisted in Company D, Pennsylvania 67th Infantry Regiment on 27 Sep 1861. Died at Annapolis, MD on June 10, 1863.
Solomon Kresge 67th PA Infantry G Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company G, Pennsylvania 67th Infantry Regiment on 31 Jan 1865. Mustered out on 10 Jul 1865
Stewart Kresge 142nd PA Infantry G Sergeant Sergeant Yes Yes Enlisted in Company G, Pennsylvania 142nd Infantry Regiment on 31 Aug 1862. Discharged on October 25, 1864 for wounds received at Gettysburg, PA on July 1, 1863.
Sylvester Kresge 81st PA Infantry I Private Private      
Timothy Kresge 176th PA Infantry F Sergeant Sergeant   Yes Enlisted in Company F, Pennsylvania 176th Infantry Regiment on 03 Nov 1862. Mustered out on 17 Aug 1863 at Philadelphia, PA
William F. Kresge 6th PA Cavalry A Private Private   Yes Enlisted in Company A, Pennsylvania 6th Cavalry Regiment on 07 Mar 1865. Mustered out on 17 Jun 1865 at Washington, DC. Transferred to Company A, Pennsylvania 2nd Cavalry Regiment on 17 Jun 1865. Mustered out on 07 Aug 1865 at Louisville, KY

 

Regimental History
PENNSYLVANIA
67TH INFANTRY
(Three Years)

Sixty-seventh Infantry.-Cols., John F. Staunton, Harry White, John C Carpenter; Lieut.-Cols., Horace B. Burnham, Harry White, John C. Carpenter, Peter Marsh; Majs., Harry White, John F. Young, John C. Carpenter, Samuel McHenry. The 67th was raised from the state at large, rendezvoused at Philadelphia and was slowly mustered into the U. S. service from Aug. 28, 1861, to March 31, 1862, for three years. On April 3, 1862, it left the state for Baltimore and proceeded thence to Annapolis, Md., where it remained until in Feb., 1863, engaged in provost guard duty, and various special duties connected with the post. It then moved to Harper's Ferry, where it performed garrison and guard duty for a few weeks; was then transferred to Berryville and assigned to the 3rd brigade of Gen. Milroy's command, under Col. McReynolds. The brigade was especially charged with the duty of keeping open communications with Harper's Ferry, guarding the passes of the Blue ridge and the fords of the Shenandoah river. In the engagement at Winchester in June, 1863, in attempting to cut its way through the overwhelming forces of the enemy under Ewell and Longstreet, all except about 75 men of the command were captured. After an imprisonment of two months, they were paroled and returned to Annapolis. The portion of the regiment which escaped capture was assigned to Gen. Elliott's brigade, 3rd division, 3rd corps, and was occupied in fortifying Maryland heights until June 30, when the works were dismantled, the 67th moved to Washington, and a little later with its division joined the Army of the Potomac at Frederick. The paroled members were exchanged and returned to the regiment on Oct. 11. It shared the fortunes of the 3rd corps in the campaigns of the fall and early winter of 1863, and went into winter quarters at Brandy Station. Many of the men reenlisted for another three years, term, but so many members had joined the command at a late date, it was not entitled to a veteran furlough under the regulations established. Nevertheless, 350 veterans were allowed a furlough in a body by Gen. Meade and the balance of the command, numbering about 200 men, was temporarily attached to the 135th Pa. At the expiration of the furlough, the regiment reported to Gen. Abercrombie at Belle Plain and early in June was posted at White House, where it was engaged in a skirmish with the Enemy's cavalry, and a few days later fought at Charles City Court House. Soon after this the 67th rejoined its brigade near the Yellow house before Petersburg and the men with the 135th returned to their own regiment. With the 6th corps it shared in the descent on the Weldon railroad, next proceeded with the 3rd division to Baltimore on the occasion of Gen. Early's movement against Washington; arrived too late to share in the battle of Monacacy, but served as rear guard to Ricketts' retiring column; and during the rest of the summer it shared in the operations of the army under Gen. Wright. It was with Sheridan at the Opequan, Fisher's hill and Cedar creek, losing in the last named action 48 killed and wounded out of about 150 men engaged. It remained in the valley until near the close of the year; then rejoined the army before Petersburg, had its full share in all the subsequent operations of the 6th corps up to the surrender of Lee at Appomattox; then marched with a portion of the army to Danville; after the surrender of Gen Johnston it returned to Washington and was there mustered out on July 14, 1865.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 1

 

Regimental History
PENNSYLVANIA
81ST INFANTRY
(Three Years)

Eighty-first Infantry.-Cols., James Miller, Charles F. Johnson, H. Boyd McKeen, William Wilson, Lieut.-Cols. Charles F. Johnson, Eli T. Conner, H. Boyd McKeen, Robert M. Lee, Jr., Amos Stroh, Thomas C Harkness, William Wilson, Lawrence Mercer; Majs., Eli T. Conner Robert M. Lee, Jr., Thomas C. Harkness, William Wilson, Lawrence Mercer, James H. Mitchell. The 81st regiment, composed of men from the city of Philadelphia, and the counties of Carbon and Luzerne, was mustered into the U. S. service in August, Sept., and Oct., 1861, at Philadelphia, for three years. Col. Miller was a soldier of the Mexican war and many of the officers and men had served in the state militia or during the three months' campaign. It left the state for Washington on Oct. 10, and was assigned to the 1st brigade, 1st division, 2nd corps, commanded by Gens. Howard, Richardson and Sumner respectively.

It remained inactive during the succeeding winter, except for numerous details sent out on scout duty. In March, 1862, active operations against the enemy commenced and a month later, having been transferred to the Peninsula it engaged in McClellan's campaign to Richmond. Upon reaching the Chickahominy it was employed in building the Sumner bridge over which it marched to Golding's farm, where it engaged in a sharp skirmish with the enemy. The regiment saw much fighting and suffered severely during the rest of the campaign. Col. Miller was killed at Fair Oaks, and on the retreat to the James river, the 81st was engaged at Peach Orchard, Savage Station, Charles City cross-roads, where Col. Johnson and Capts. Conner and Harkness were wounded, and at Malvern hill, where Lieut.Col. Conner was killed while gallantly leading his men. It arrived too late to share in the 2nd battle of Bull Run and was in reserve at South mountain, but was heavily engaged with loss at Antietam, where Capt. Schuyler and Lieut. Vandyke were among the killed. It fought at the battle of Fredericksburg and then returned to winter quarters near Falmouth, where it remained until April 26, 1863. It suffered considerable loss at the battle of Chancellorsville, Col. McKeen and Maj. Harkness being among the severely wounded, and after the battle returned to Falmouth until the end of May. It then moved to Stoneman's switch and on June 18, to Stafford Court House, where it skirmished with the enemy. After a series of exhausting marches it arrived on the field of Gettysburg on the evening of July 1, and immediately threw up breast-works. On the following day it was heavily engaged until 9 p.m. in the wheat field beyond the peach orchard, losing one-half its effective strength. On the 3rd day it was posted near the cemetery. It joined in the pursuit of Lee and subsequently participated with the 2nd corps in the "campaign of maneuvres" in the Valley of Virginia, and in the operations at Mine run. The winter of 1863-64 was spent about Brandy Station and Stevensburg. A portion of the command reenlisted in Jan., 1864, and the men were given the usual veteran furlough, though the veterans, with a large number of recruits, returned before the opening of the spring campaign of 1864 Col. McKeen commanded the brigade and Lieut.-Col. Wilson the regiment. In the desperate fighting which now ensued, the 81st had its full share, being engaged at the Wilderness, Po river, Spottsylvania, North Anna river, Totopotomy and Cold Harbor. Lieut.-Col. Wilson was severely wounded in the desperate assault by the 2nd corps at Spottsylvania, and Col. McKeen was killed in the last assault at Cold Harbor. It was actively engaged with its corps in the first assaults on Petersburg, suffering considerable loss, and fully maintained its reputation as a fighting regiment in the engagements at Strawberry Plains, Reams' station and Deep Bottom. The winter of 1864-65 was spent in the trenches in front of Petersburg and at the end of March it participated with its corps in the final campaign. It did not again suffer serious loss, though frequently engaged, and was almost constantly on the march until the desperate assault on Lee's lines at Farmville where the 81st suffered severely, Capts. Wilson and Bond being among the killed. After Lee's surrender it returned to Washington and was mustered out at Alexandria, Va., June 29, 1865. Its total losses during the four years of service were 14 officers killed, 45 wounded, 3 prisoners, 2 died of disease, 201 enlisted men killed 516 wounded and 70 died of disease.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 1

 

Regimental History
PENNSYLVANIA
ONE HUNDRED and SEVENTY-SIXTH INFANTRY
(Nine Months)

One Hundred and Seventy-sixth Infantry. - Col., Ambrose A. Lechler; Lieut.-Col., George Pilkington; Maj., William Schoonover. This militia regiment, composed of seven companies from Lehigh county and three from Monroe, was mustered in at Philadelphia in Nov., 1862, for nine months, and left for Suffolk, Va., the same month. It joined the force which moved under Gen. Foster, from New Berne to Charleston and was employed in guard, picket and other duties in this vicinity during its entire term of service. At Harrisburg Aug. 18, 1863, it was mustered out.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 1

 

 

Below you will find a newspaper article from 2002 that mentions a possible Kresge Civil War quilt that belonged to Geraldine Kresge. Although the article fails to zero in on the family member who may have been associated with the quilt, there are enough clues contained in the article for us to make a decent "guess" at the identity of this particular ancestor.

The article mentions one Kenneth Kresge (1920-1991), wife of Geraldine Mansfield Kresge, the woman holding the quilt in the photograph. The article also mentions that Kenneth was the son of Florence Strohl Kresge. Research shows that Kenneth's father was Allen D. Kresge (1898-1967), and his great-grandfather was Paul Kresge (1839-1908), who served in the Civil War in the 176th PA Infantry, and the 6th PA Cavalry. You will also notice that Paul Kresge died in 1908 and the quilt's dedication says "In memory of Father 1910." Thus, the identity of the Kresge family member associated with the quilt is likely the abovementioned Paul Kresge.

Jeffrey L. Thomas

 


 

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